What Information Is protected Under HIPAA Law

One of the main aims of HIPAA is to protect the privacy of patients by ensuring certain types of information are safeguarded and not disclosed to unauthorized individuals, but what information is protected under HIPAA law?

HIPAA laws protect all individually identifiable health information that is held by or transmitted by a HIPAA covered entity or business associate. According to the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office for Civil Rights there are 18 identifiers that make health information personally identifiable. When these data elements are included in a data set, the information is considered protected health information (PHI) and subject to the requirements of the HIPAA Privacy, Security and Breach Notification Rules.