California’s Plan for the Prevention of Unintended Pregnancy

IV. HOW TO INVOLVE FOSTER YOUTH AND NMDS

Recommended Strategies
A. The youth and NMD should be asked what concerns they have regarding their reproductive and sexual health. These conversations should be initiated by the case management worker (social worker or probation officer), caregiver, foster care public health nurse, group home staff and Court Appointed Special Advocate (CASA).

B. The youth and NMD should be asked if they prefer to discuss sensitive reproductive and sexual health issues with a particular trusted adult (e.g. a social worker, CASA, caregiver, counselor, health coach, mentor, or health care provider).

C. The youth and NMD should be involved in and asked to provide written consent prior to any disclosure of information about their reproductive and sexual health.

D. The youth and NMD should be encouraged to follow medical guidelines and the advice of health care professionals as it relates to their reproductive and sexual health care.

E. The youth and NMD should receive guidance from a trusted adult or foster care public health nurse about the importance of making healthy sexual health choices and associated risks and consequences.

F. The youth and NMD should receive assistance from a trusted adult about creating a safety plan recognizing that alcohol and other drug use can be a potential factor leading to having unprotected sex.

G. The youth should be provided with information about the right to leave school, without notice or permission from a parent or caregiver, to attend a confidential medical appointment.

V. SELECTING AND PROVIDING APPROPRIATE MATERIALS TO EDUCATE YOUTH AND NMDS IN FAMILY LIFE EDUCATION

Required Strategies
A. County agencies shall provide youth and NMDs with educational materials regarding the prevention of unplanned pregnancy and STI’s that are medically accurate, age and developmentally appropriate, trauma-informed, strengths-based, and whenever possible, evidenced-based. Recommended Strategies (Note: See attached Online Resource Page)B. County agencies should provide youth and NMDs with information about accessing community resources including local health clinics that offer free reproductive health care services and crisis hotlines. C. County agencies should provide youth and NMDs with credible on-line resources related to reproductive and sexual health, preventing unplanned pregnancies and STI’s.

VI. TRAINING OF FOSTER CARE AND GROUP HOME PROVIDERS AND, WHEN NECESSARY, COUNTY CASE MANAGERS IN ADOLESCENT PREGNANCY PREVENTION

Providers Should Receive Education and Training on the Following Topics: A. How to engage and talk with youth and NMDs in an age and developmentally appropriate way about their reproductive and sexual health. Topics should include healthy sexual development, sex, abstinence, pregnancy and STI prevention, contraceptive use and the risks involved, abortion, LGBTQ + wellness, SOGIE, counseling regarding pregnancy options and developing healthy relationships.

B. Defining the caregiver’s role when talking to youth and NMDs about sensitive reproductive and sexual health issues. Topics should include confidentiality, caregiver’s biases and beliefs, and the importance of collaboration between biological parents and caregivers and understanding respective roles.

C. Overview of foster youth rights and reasonable and prudent parent standards.

D. The CSEC awareness and how to recognize sexually exploited youth and intervention resources.

E. Related trainings in reproductive and sexual health offered within the caregiver’s county.

For the complete copy of the plan please refer to ACL16-88