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Tuberculosis is a contagious bacterial infection caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis and it only affects the lungs.
tuberculosis is a contagious bacterial infection caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis that affects the lungs AND other systems of the body like the joints, kidneys, brain, spine, liver etc.
A person with a diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection needs to wear which of the following?
Persons with a latent tuberculosis infection are NOT contagious. Therefore, no special PPE is needed for the patient during transport. HOWEVER, if the person had ACTIVE tuberculosis they would need to wear a surgical mask during transport.
Select all the risk factors below that increases a persons’s risk for developing tuberculosis:
All the following increases the risk of TB :tight living quarters (LTC resident, prison, homeless shelter etc.), below or at the poverty line (homeless), refugee (especially in high risk countries), immune system issue such as HIV, substance abusers (IV drugs or alcohol), Kids less than the age of 5.
You’re teaching a group of long-term care health givers about the signs and symptoms of tuberculosis. What signs and symptoms will you include in your education?
A patient has a PPD skin test (Mantoux test). As the nurse you tell the patient to report back to the office in _________ so the results can be interpreted?
The patient should report back in 48-72 hours. If they fail to, the test must be repeated.
One of the reasons for an increase in multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis is:
Patients must be on medication treatment for about 6-12 months (depending on the type of TB the patient has). This leads to noncompliant issues. DOT (directly observed therapy) is now being instituted so compliance is increased. This is where a public health nurse or a trained DOT worker will deliver the medication and watch the patient swallow the pill until treatment is complete.
The rate of TB disease is 32 times higher for Asian persons than for non-Hispanic White persons.
People with HIV are 21 times more likely to develop TB
Tuberculosis is a serious health threat, especially for people living with HIV. People living with HIV are more likely than others to become sick with TB. Worldwide, TB is one of the leading causes of death among people living with HIV.
True or False. TB is the top infectious killer in the world.
Every year, 10 million people fall ill with tuberculosis (TB). Despite being a preventable and curable disease, 1.5 million people die from TB each year – making it the world’s top infectious killer.
TB bacteria are spread through?
TB bacteria are spread through the air from one person to another. The TB bacteria are put into the air when a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, speaks, or sings. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become infected.